Causes of Female Infertility

female infertility

Female infertility is a pressing issue in today’s women’s health. The birth of a child is a great joy for parents who love and respect each other. 

However, it is possible that everything in the family is fine but that a child cannot be conceived. Why? Let’s figure it out together.

Both parents must undergo a thorough examination by specialist doctors during the planning stage. A gynecologist, immunologist, and cardiologist must all examine a woman. Often, serious preparation is required for conception, pregnancy, and childbirth.

Proper fertilization depends on several causes or even one factor. For example:

  • Ecological environment.
  • The psychological situation in the family.
  • Health characteristics of men and women.
  • Age of partners.
  • Diseases of all systems of the body of the parents.

The World Health Organization considers marriage to be infertile if the spouses are unable to become pregnant after a year of regular sexual activity without the use of contraception. The WHO also lists 22 causes of female infertility.

Female infertility can be primary (when a woman has never been pregnant) or secondary (when a woman who has already been pregnant cannot conceive a child due to injury or illness).

Diagnosis of female infertility

A gynecologist should be consulted to determine the cause of infertility. In addition to a gynecological examination, the conclusion of a male examination by an andrologist may be required.

Possible causes of infertility

The following are some of the most common causes of infertility:

  • Irregular menstrual cycle.
  • Cell maturation deviates from the cycle.
  • Damaged fallopian tubes or their obstruction.
  • Chronic infectious diseases.
  • The wrong composition of the mucus that the cervix produces.
  • Benign tumors of the uterus.
  • Improperly performed abortions.
  • Endometriosis.
  • Damage to the uterus, which disrupts the survival of the embryo.

Furthermore, women over the age of 35 have a decreased ability to conceive a child. This ability is two times lower in a 35-year-old woman than in a 20-year-old woman. If a young woman should consult a specialist about infertility after a year of regular sexual activity, a future mother over the age of 35 should do so within six months.


Endocrine and hormonal imbalances in a woman’s body are the most common causes of infertility. To determine such changes, a laboratory analyzes the level of hormones in the blood to determine whether hormonal disorders need to be corrected.

Latent infections are extremely dangerous when it comes to conceiving a child. They may not appear at all.  Such infections include;

  • Ureaplasma.
  • Chlamydia.
  • Herpes.
  • Papillomavirus.
  • Candidiasis.
  • Cytomegalovirus.

Infections of these types inflame the fallopian tubes, making fertilization impossible. To avoid the birth of an unhealthy child or infertility, both parents must be tested for infection.

Polyps in the uterus, fibroids, and remnants of previous abortions can all obstruct conception. 

The work of the ovaries, which are responsible for the work and maturation of the egg, may be disrupted after using hormonal contraceptives.

When examining a woman, it is necessary to diagnose the state of the fallopian tubes, the function of the ovaries, hormonal studies, and genitourinary infection analyses. It is necessary to assess partners’ biological and immunological compatibility.

Infertility is frequently the cause of the uterine deformity. Uterine infertility is caused by structural problems with the uterus. They can be inherited or acquired. 

The deviation from normal weight in women is an important factor. One of the causes of infertility is sudden weight loss or gain. It is much more difficult for a woman to become pregnant if she is on a diet, is constantly undernourished, or uses weight loss pills. A weight-correction system will aid in overcoming this issue.


Even if all of the tests are passed, it is possible that the analysis of the woman’s vaginal mucus is incompatible with the sperm of a specific man.

You can undergo a complete diagnosis and treatment of female infertility.

Infertility in women can be temporary and can be overcome with the right methods. Other problems of infertility in women include:

  • Diabetes.
  • Metabolic disease.
  • Diseases of the thyroid gland or adrenal glands.
  • Constant stress.
  • Alcohol or smoking abuse.
  • Improper nutrition.

To select the best method of conception, you must consult with an experienced doctor as soon as possible. The sooner a specialist determines the cause of infertility and makes the appropriate diagnosis, the better the chances of becoming pregnant and having a healthy baby.

After analyzing all of the examination data, the specialist will schedule a consultation to familiarize you with the methods of treating your infertility.

Individual infertility treatment may include:

  • Surgical treatment.
  • Correction of hormonal or immunological changes with the help of medications.
  • A combination of medical treatment and surgery.
  • Reproductive technologies.


There are many potential causes of female infertility as discussed above.

It must be remembered that an incorrect definition of the cause of infertility or taking into account not all factors can adversely affect the results of treatment. It may happen that the treatment does not give any changes only because the diagnosis was inaccurate or incorrect. 

While determining the exact cause of infertility can be difficult, it is critical to seek treatment as soon as possible in order to increase the chances of successful conception.

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Written by David
I work daily to make surrogacy available to as many intended parents, surrogate mothers and egg donors around the world as possible.

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